St. Elizabeth, Mother of St. John the Baptist


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Commemorated on September 5

The Righteous Elizabeth was the mother of the holy Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist of the Lord, John. She was descended from the lineage of Aaron, and was the sister of St. Anna, the mother of the Most Holy Theotokos. The righteous spouses, “walking in all the commandments of the Lord” (Luke 1:6), suffered barrenness, which in those days was considered a punishment from God. When Elizabeth gave birth to a son, through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, she announced that his name was John, although no one in their family had this name. When Elizabeth’s husband, Zachariah (who had been rendered mute), was asked what the child’s name was, he wrote “John” on a tablet. Immediately, the gift of speech returned to him, and inspired by the Holy Spirit, he began to prophesy about his son as the Forerunner of the Lord.

When King Herod heard from the Magi about the birth of the Messiah, he decided to kill all the infants up to two years of age, hoping that the new-born Messiah would be among them. Herod knew about John’s unusual birth and he wanted to kill him, fearing that he was the foretold King of the Jews. But Elizabeth hid herself and the infant in the hills. The murderers searched everywhere for John. When she saw their pursuers, Elizabeth began to implore God for their safety, and the hill opened up and concealed her and the infant from harm. Shortly thereafter, Zachariah was serving in the Temple when soldiers entered and tried in vain to learn from him the whereabouts of his son. Refusing to betray this information, Zachariah was murdered. Elizabeth died forty days after her husband, and St. John dwelt in the wilderness until he appeared to the nation of Israel.

Troparion (Tone 2) –

The memory of Your prophets Zachariah and Elizabeth

We celebrate today, O Lord

By their prayers, we beseech You.

O Christ God, save our souls!

Kontakion (Tone 4) –

As the full moon brightly reflects the light of the sun,

you reflected the glory of the Messiah, the Light of wisdom!

With Zachariah you walked in all of the Lord¹s commandments, Elizabeth, beloved by God.

So as we bless you with fitting songs,

we praise the Lord, the bountiful Light, Who enlightens all.

By permission of Orthodox Church in America (www.oca.org)